- Supports healthy cognition, memory, and nerve function.
- Helps maintain mitochondrial energy and function.
- Helps maintain healthy function in lipid metabolism.
Acetyl-L-Carnitine is found within the inner membrane of cellular mitochondria (sometimes known as "cellular power plants," which manufacture adenosine triphosphate or "ATP," which is used as energy in the brain). Chemically, Acetyl-L-Carnitine is structurally-related to acetylcholine, an important brain chemical for learning and memory (acetylcholine helps brain cells communicate). Acetyl-L-carnitine is absorbed into the bloodstream more efficiently than L-carnitine and Acetyl-L-carnitine passes more effectively through cell membranes to support mitochondrial function.
L-Carnitine is used by the body to transport long chain fatty acids to the mitochondria in cells, where they are burned for energy. Since this fat burning is such a major source of muscular energy, deficiencies in L-Carnitine are manifested as low energy levels and muscular weakness.
Dr. Bruce Ames, a biochemist and Professor at the University of California at Berkeley had his work profiled in Readers Digest in 2003. Dr. Ames believes that while the production of energy in the mitochondria in your cells is highly efficient, the minor element of inefficiency—which releases free radicals—is the cause of aging. Thus, to gain the full range of benefits from Acetyl-L-Carnitine, Dr. Ames is known for pairing the powerful antioxidant and "free radicals-fighter" alpha Lipoic Acid with Acetyl-L-Carnitine.
- May cause nausea, vomiting and agitation (restlessness and motor over activity).
- Side effects reported in people with Alzheimers include psychiatric disturbances, such as depression, mania, confusion and aggression, but it is not clear if they are due to acetyl-L-carnitine or the condition itself.
- No known interactions with drugs or foods.
- Skin rash and body odor have been reported.